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monuments

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Fort Aguada

Fort Aguada

Where: Fort Aguada Rd, Aguada Fort Area, Candolim, Goa ? 403515
Aguada Fort is one of the most favorite tourist spots in Goa standing by the Sinquerim Beach, overlooking the Arabian Sea. The fort was constructed in 1612 with the purpose to guard against the Dutch and the Marathas. The construction of the fort began in 1609 and it took 3 years under Ruy Tavara, the then Viceroy of Goa, to finish the architecture. It was a referee point for the vessels coming from Europe during that era. Fort Aguada is an epitome of Portuguese architecture ? made of laterite stone widely available in Goa. The 17th century fort was withstood the ravages of time and still stands tall against strong waves and winds from the Arabian Sea ahead. The massive fort has been built on Bardez peninsula which is entirely covered by the construction. While the three sides of the fort are surrounded by bastions, the fourth side has a gate facing the river. The Aguada Fort has two distinct sections ? the upper one serves as a watering station, while the lower part serves as a safe berth for Portuguese ships. The fort has a capacity to hold 2,376,000 gallons of water which makes it one of the biggest freshwater reservoirs of the continent. Within the complex, there is a lighthouse, a moat, gunpowder room and a secret escape passage for war and emergency.

Chapora Fort

Chapora Fort

Where: Chapora Fort Rd, North Goa, Chapora, Goa ? 403509
Undeniably one of the most famous forts of Goa, the Chapora Fort in North Goa is a bastion of history and architectural marvel. Built in 1717 by the Portuguese, Chapora Fort has an interesting history. It says that the fort was made much before the advent of Portuguese, and it was known by a different name before it was reconstructed by the Portuguese. The surrounding of the beach offers a spectacular escape with mesmerizing views of the sea and the Chapora River which contributes the name of the fort. The area is flocked by the tourists in large numbers to enjoy the scenic view, especially during sunsets. The magnificent views of the nearby Anjuna, Chapora and Vagator beaches are also captured exceptionally well from the spot. The steep slopes on all its sides offer views of all four directions with ease. The Chapora Fort and its surrounding came under spotlight especially after the famous Bollywood movie ?Dil Chahta Hai? which was shot here. For the same reason, the spot is also known as ?Dil Chahta Hai? Fort. It is a magnificent location for photography, mainly for its rugged surrounding perfectly balanced by the colorful sky during sunset. A must visit in the Goa checklist, Chapora Fort is a favorite among tourists of all age group.

Tiracol Fort

Tiracol Fort

Where: Pernem Taluka, Tiracol, Goa - 403524
The majestic Tiracol Fort lies on the banks of Terekhol River from the Querim beach in North Goa. Also known as the Terekhol Fort, the massive structure was once a crucial part of the martime defense of the Portuguese colonists. The fort offers a magnificent view of the Arabian Sea, topped with the luxuriously plush greenery that amplifies the beauty of this imposing fort set atop the picturesque hillock of the Northern river. The fort has a church standing right at the middle of the courtyard which is open for public only during special occasions like the annual feast in May. Today, the fort mainly serves as a heritage hotel offering a vacation experience different from the typical Goa trip. The part of the fort which has been converted into the luxurious hotel is a heavenly experience that includes seven rooms named after the seven days of the week. All the rooms are equipped with luxurious amenities like king-sized beds, A/C, Flat screen TVs, coffee makers, bathrooms with rain showers, free Wi-Fi, and private balconies. The decor and design of the room reflect the Portuguese heritage of the site, complete with earthy ochre-and-white interiors, black-marbled floors and rustic furniture. Guests at the hotel can engage in activities like coast cruising, fishing, picnics or just enjoy the serene vibe of this unique hotel, unlike any other in Goa.

Monastery Of St. Augustine

Monastery Of St. Augustine

Where: Old Goa, Near Holy Hill, Panaji, Goa 403402, India
Monastery of St Augustine was built in the 17th century by the Augustinian monks an order of the Catholic Church. It is most well known as the former home of Martin Luther (1483-1546), the father of the Reformation, who lived there as a monk from 1505 until 1511. The magnificent construction is mostly in ruins today, though the dilapidated yet splendid tower of the church can be seen from the distance. The glimpse of the tower hints at the lavishness of the monastery during the time it was intact. Considered as one of the biggest churches and an important tourist attraction of Goa, the site extends to an area of almost one hectare. A total of 74 ordained and 70 lay monks lived in the monastery during its peak in the early 16th century. Much of the construction was destroyed n a British air raid in 1945, in which 267 people sheltering on the site were killed. Today, a mixture of medieval and modern buildings is witnessed in the complex. Used more often as a place of worship and as a meeting and conference centre, the complex also organizes several music concerts performed in the church that has a Walcker organ aged back to 1938. The complex also provides accommodation for travelers and for retreats.

The Secretariat

The Secretariat

Where: Velha Goa, Goa 403110
Located close to the River Mandovi in Goa, the Palace of Yusuf Adil Shah is supposedly the oldest surviving monument in the state. Built by the Muslim ruler Yusuf Adil Shah of Bijapur in the 1500s, the palace was supposedly the summer palace cum fortress of Adil Shah and an important part of his defense with an arsenal of 55 canons and a salt water moat. The architecture of the monument has striking resemblance to those built in the colonial era, and is better known as the Secretariat. At present, the monument serves as a State Assembly Office, and visitors can only explore it from outside. Initially built as the summer palace of Yusuf Adil Shah, the construction was soon captured by the troop of Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510 and was converted into a rest house for the Portuguese Viceroys. Much later in 1759, the palace became the official residence of the Viceroy when Old Goa was no longer the preferred capital. It was known as Idalcaon (Adil Khan mispronounced) Palace. There were some demolitions and reconstructions that ultimately changed the overall appearance of the building. Since Goa?s liberation in 1961, the building has been serving as the home of the Goan State Legislature of Assembly and is known as the Secretariat. The government has plans to move the offices to Porvorim, the new Assembly building and to make the Secretariat a museum open for general public.

Reis Magos Fort

Reis Magos Fort

Where: Verem, Bardez, Goa ? 403114
Reis Magos Fort lies on the northern bank of River Mandovi as a witness of the history and heritage of Goa. The fort, erected in 1551, faces the capital city of Panjim and is quite visible from the Panjim side of the Mandovi River. The fort predates the mighty Fort Aguada by half a century as a smaller and second fort that crowns the headland jutting into the narrowest stretch of the river flowing by. The fort was used as a residence for Viceroys and dignitaries that arrived from London. The fort served as a helpful linchpin during the war between the Marathas and the Portuguese, but was later captured by the British in 1800. The Fort is surrounded by sturdy laterite walls studded with signature style Portuguese turrets that were constructed to protect the narrowest point at the mouth of the Mandovi estuary. The Fort offers a splendid view of the surrounding, and is still in a good state of preservation being defended by 33 guns and space for a small garrison. A fresh spring flows at a little distance from the Fort, while at its base is the church of the Reis Magos ascended by a beautiful flight of stairs. The sunset view captured from the spot is an extraordinary sight to behold.

Viceroys Arch

Viceroys Arch

Where: Velha Goa, Goa ? 403110
The Viceroy?s Arch is the ideal example of time-honored vestiges of the bygone Portuguese era. Built in the memory of Vasco Da Gama in 1599 by his great-grandson Francisco Da Gama after he became the viceroy in 1597, the construction portrays the European colonialism that had its roots in Goa with the establishment of Portuguese colony in the 16th century. There is a little statue of Vasco Da Gama on the top of the arch, fully attired with regalia and facing the Mandovi River. On the other side that faces the city, there is another sculpture of a European lady wielding a sword over an Indian minister who lies under her feet. The message is loud and clear as the Inquisition made its way liberally across the city. The arch originally had a third storey with a statue of St Catherine. The place held immense ceremonial importance during the Portuguese rule. Every governor who took charge of Goa had to pass through the arch, and this was supposed to be the spot where the new viceroy was handed over the keys to the city of Old Goa. However, the ceremonial significance is lost in 1843 when the capital of Goa was shifted to Panjim from Old Goa. The laterite structure is an important landmark on the road that leads to River Mandovi.


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